Mar 26, 2017

Dance, Dance, Dance

"The dance can reveal everything mysterious that is hidden in music, and it has the additional merit of being human and palpable. Dancing is poetry with arms and legs" - Charles Baudelaire

"Dancers are the messengers of the gods" - Martha Graham


Mar 25, 2017

Artista a cielo aperto

Ritratto street di Fausto Delle Chiaie, noto artista urbano di Roma (come si definisce lui, artista a cielo aperto) che potete trovarlo tutti i giorni in Piazza Augusto Imperatore, accanto all'Ara Pacis, dove presenta sulla strada le sue opere, una sorta di fusione tra pop art, arte informale e arte povera. Gli hanno dedicato anche vari documentari, interviste e anche un film-documentario "Ho fatto una barca di soldi" presentato nel 2013 al Festival Internazionale del Cinema di Roma

Qui di seguito la sua biografia (fonte, Wikipedia):

Fausto Delle Chiaie (Roma, 23 gennaio 1944) è un artista italiano formatosi secondo le suggestioni della pop art, dell'arte informale e dell'arte povera

Dopo gli studi presso l'Accademia di Belle Arti inizia la produzione di opere negli anni 1970. È autore di un Manifesto Infrazionista (1986), che spiega l'"infra-azione" come una azione-collocazione-donazione di una o più opere, mostrate a terra da parte dell'artista, nei luoghi dell'arte, e il suo susseguente allontanamento dall'opera e dal luogo. […] L'Infrazione è mostrare ed evidenziare la storia vista in maniera superficiale, […] è il grido d'allarme artistico del malessere storico; dell'accecamento del semplice e dell'umile. L'Infrazione nasce dalla privazione della realtà visiva d'agire-pensare-fare. […] È la goccia che trabocca e vuole vivere con l'acqua. Delle Chiaie introduce così di nascosto le proprie opere negli spazi espositivi scegliendo dove collocarle.

Nel 1987 mostra le sue opere multifigurative al pubblico appoggiandole sulla salita del Pincio, a Roma. Il pubblico, così come egli stesso, diventa anche custode dell'opera; l'artista vive delle offerte spontanee dei visitatori. Negli anni 1987-1989 sceglie come spazio espositivo la Galleria Sciarra, a partire dal 1989 la Piazza Augusto Imperatore.

Nel corso della sua carriera, Delle Chiaie ha esposto in Italia e all'estero; ha effettuato performance e installazioni a Bruxelles tra il 1982 e il 1984, a Limerick (Irlanda) per Exhibition of visual art nel 1994, per Antwerpen ad Anversa nel 1993. A Roma ha partecipato a Molteplici Culture nel 1993, ad Aperto 1995 presso il Trevi Flash Museum, presso il centro sociale Rialto nel 1998 e alla mostra collettiva Scala Mercalli. Il terremoto creativo della Street Art Italiana, svoltasi all'Auditorium tra giugno e luglio 2008.

Dal 4 ottobre 2008 una sua installazione è esposta al Castello di Rivara. Un cortometraggio, girato dal regista Flavio Sciolè, dal titolo 'Dormitorio-Fausto Delle Chiaie' documenta un'installazione dell'artista al Rialtosantambrogio nel 2001.

Nel 2010 viene prodotto da Gabriele Centin e Matteo Alemanno, il primo documentario sulla giornata tipo di Fausto Delle Chiaie dal titolo "Robaccia rubbish"[1], proiettato all'Ara Pacis durante la presentazione del suo libro edito da Electa "L'Arte? Rubbish!" e durante la Biennale d'arte di Venezia 2011 presso il padiglione spagnolo.

Nel 2013 viene prodotto il documentario dal titolo "Il museo chiude quando l'autore è stanco". Nello stesso anno, la Zerozerocento produzioni realizza in coproduzione con Rai Cinema il docufilm Ho fatto una barca di soldi per la regia di Dario Acocella; il film, presentato al festival internazionale del film di Roma, racconta la giornata tipo dell'artista seguendolo dalla mattina fino a notte fonda, mescolando il ritratto dell'artista a quello dell'uomo. Una versione televisiva più breve di 15 minuti rispetto all'originale viene trasmessa su Rai5 il 23 maggio 2014.

Nel 2014 il giornalista Domenico Iannacone realizza per il “I dieci comandamenti” un reportage intitolato “La bellezza incomprensibile”, un ritratto di 32 minuti di Fausto Delle Chiaie e della sua opera, andato in onda su Rai 



Mar 24, 2017

Piazza del Popolo

Piazza del Popolo and its Egyptian obelisk in the center (it was initially erected by the Pharaoh Rameses II in Heliopolis, then in 30 BC Augustus brought it to Rome where it was put at the center of Circus Maximus and dedicated to the Sun)


Mar 23, 2017

Spring, 2017

“You can cut all the flowers but you cannot keep Spring from coming” ― Pablo Neruda

Days ago I was amazed by these flowers along a street in Rome. Spring is here and Summer coming soon. Picture taken with Huawei P9 Plus 
Dedicated to my blog follower from Paris, France, Mme Laurence



Mar 22, 2017

Change in Route

Sembra facile praticare un hobby come la fotografia ma non lo è, a meno che non sia l'attività lavorativa principale. Una vita piena di impegni, continuamente scandita da orari di lavoro e famiglia, trovare tempo libero da dedicare all'hobby della fotografia è quasi impossibile e una soluzione ideale è tenere sempre con se una compatta, una mirrorless in borsa o ancora meglio lo smartphone in mano, sempre vigili a trovare il momento interessante da immortalare durante i nostri spostamenti quotidiani. Come disse il grande fotografo francese Henri Cartier-Bresson (1908 - 2004), il momento decisivo in fotografia è quando cuore, mente e occhio sono messi sulla stessa linea di mira.

Come dice il titolo di questo post, Change in Route, ovvero Cambio di Percorso, questo blog tratterà sempre più argomenti sulla fotografia, un lavoro per molti, un hobby per altri, uno stile di vita per alcuni.


Quando ho visto questo cartello segnaletico, nel parcheggio sotterraneo di un centro commerciale di Roma, mi è venuta subito l'idea del contenuto di questo post e del cambio di rotta per il blog. Più fotografia nei prossimi giorni. Buona giornata!

Foto scattata con Huawei P9 Plus


Mar 21, 2017

The Victorian

When Vittorio Emanuele II died, on 1878, it was decided to erect a monument celebrating the Father of the Nation, and with him the entire period of Risorgimento. In 1880 he was banished the first international competition, won by the Frenchman Nénot, to whom however did not follow an enforcement phase of the project. In the next competition, launched in 1882, participation was reserved only for Italian designers. It was also drawn up a detailed list of recommendations for the project, that prescribed “a complex to be erected on the high north of the Capitol, in line with the Via del Corso; a bronze equestrian statue of the King; an architectural background of at least thirty feet length and twenty-nine in height, left free in form but adapted to cover the buildings behind and lateral Church of Santa Maria in Aracoeli. “The competitors had one year to deliver the project. The proposals submitted were 98 and of the three selected for the final choice the royal commission voted unanimously Giuseppe Sacconi, a young architect from Marche.

Victor Emmanuel II always had the goal of making Italy unified. Then there arose a unified Italy in 1861 and he came to be the first king. When he died in 1878, he was buried in the Pantheon

The monument was started in 1895 and was later finished in 1911. The whole area in which it is now situated, underwent extreme demolition and so it was said to be a grandiose edifice on top of dead grounds. There were even ruins and rare finds excavated upon its construction

The focal point of the monument is the statue of a horseman. This was made as a representation of Victor Emanuel II. It was completed in 1889 and was inaugurated in1911.

It also has its famous detail, the Altare della Patria, or the Altar of the Fatherland, which is where the tomb of an unknown soldier is found. This soldier was killed in the 1st World War and became a symbol for all unknown fallen soldiers of Italy. So, the monument is not just to commemorate Victor Emmanuel II, but also all war casualties during the medieval world.

Although hurled with numerous criticisms as to its architectural finish, the monument remains a popular spot for sightseers. For some, the structure is similar to a wedding cake, because of its wide stairways. Others would see it as a typewriter because of its odd and huge shape.

The opening of the monument as a public place created accessibility that made it very popular among Italians and now even tourists from other nations. Although it is accompanied by an unfavorable history and unfavorable design (for some), the monument grew increasingly well-known because of its

Mar 20, 2017

Pantheon

This amazing ancient monument was built and rebuilt several times, first by Agrippa who began it in 27 BC


The presente structure is the result  of an early 2nd century A.D. reconstruction by the Emperor Hadrian


 The Pantheon stands on Piazza della rotonda, which is complete with obelisk and baroque  fountain


 It is in an astonishing state of preservation, considering nearly two millennia of vandalism


Sporting original bronze doors, it's the dome that takes the breath away: a perfect semisphere and the ancient Romans' finest architectural feat. Lit by a 9m oculus, it's a surreal sight when rain falls through in a mesmerising column

Until the 20th century, the Pantheon was the largest concrete structure in the world. Michelangelo studied its great dome before starting work on the dome of St. Peter's Basilica.

The Pantheon was dedicated to pan theos, "all the gods." When it became a church, it was dedicated to the Virgin Mary and all the martyrs.

The Pantheon is the burial place of several important Italians (including the artist Raphael), and it remains an active church. It is a major tourist destination and a popular place for weddings

The Pantheon is widely praised for its feats of architecture and concept of space. At 43m (142 ft) wide and 43m (142 ft) high, it is a perfect sphere resting in a cylinder.

The Pantheon's huge dome is a perfect hemisphere of cast concrete, resting on a solid ring wall. Outside, the dome is covered in almost weightless cantilevered brick.

With a span of 43.2 m (142 feet), it was the largest dome in the world until Brunelleschi's dome in Florence of 1420-36.

The portico (porch) is made of 16 monolithic Corinthian columns topped by a pediment. The inscription M·AGRIPPA·L·F·COS·TERTIUM·FECIT means: "Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, during his third consulate, built this."

The bronze doors leading into the building (which are original and were once covered in gold) weigh 20 tons each. The walls of the Pantheon are 7.5m (25 ft.) thick.

The oculus, the only source of natural light in the Pantheon, is a round opening in the center of the dome. It is 27 feet in diameter and open to the sky (the floor is gently sloped to allow for runoff of rainwater).

The main altar of the church is opposite the entrance, and the original 7th-century icon of the Madonna and Child can be seen above it. This was previously dated to the 13th century, but the 7th-century original was recently recovered under layers of overpainting. It is a rare survival of an icon from a period when they were a common feature in Roman churches. The apse is decorated with a golden mosaic featuring crosses.

Some 2nd-century decoration from the temple can be seen in the niche just to the right of the apse. The niche just to the right of the entrance carries a fresco of the Annunciation by Melozzo da Forli (15th century).

Monumental tombs are set into the walls of Pantheon, including that of the artist Raphael (on the left side as you enter). Vittorio Emanuele II, first king of a unified Italy, and his successor, Umberto I, are interred here as well.

In the plaza outside the Pantheon is a lovely fountain topped by an ancient Egyptian obelisk. The obelisk and its base were erected by Pope Clement XI

The Pantheon was originally built in 27-25 BC by the magistrate Marcus Agrippa (his name appears on the inscription outside), to commemorate the victory of Actium over Antony and Cleopatra. This original temple burned down in 80 AD.

The Pantheon was completely reconstructed in 125 AD by Hadrian, a cosmopolitan emperor who had traveled widely in the East. The second temple was dedicated to every known god, from which the Pantheon gets its name. Hadrian himself is credited with the basic plan, an architectural design that was unique for the time.

The Pantheon was maintained and restored by the emperors Septimus Severus (193-211) and Caracalla (211-17). During its two centuries as a functioning temple, statues of gods filled the niches. Animals were sacrificed and burned in the center; the smoke escaped through the only means of light, the oculus.

After Christianity replaced paganism in Rome, the Pantheon was abandoned for a time. Public pagan worship was prohibited in 346 and most pagan temples were closed in 356. Fortunately, a decree of 408 ordered that temples were to be put to new use; thus some have been preserved and were used as secular buildings.

The Pantheon remained unused until the Byzantine emperor Phocas (602-10) gave it to Pope Boniface IV (608-15). In 609 AD, the Pantheon was consecrated as a Christian church. It was the first pagan temple in Rome to be Christianized, although the practice had been common in the East since the 4th century. The church was dedicated to the Virgin Mary and all the martyrs, thus continuing the tradition of a "catch-all" place of worship.

As part of the consecration in 609, an altar was placed in the main apse opposite the entrance, with an icon of the Virgin and Child placed above it. Legend has it that Pope Boniface transferred "cartloads" of martyrs' relics to the newly consecrated church, but this is unlikely. At that time, the presence of human remains inside a city was an Eastern practice frowned upon in Rome. The earliest documented transfer of relics into Rome is in the 640s (by popes of Eastern origin) but the practice did not really become accepted in Rome until the 8th century. Future excavations may reveal whether the legend is based in fact or not.

In 667, the Pantheon was stripped of its golden roof tiles and looted of anything of value, but the building was partially restored by Pope Benedict II (684-85). It was subsequently robbed and restored again several times.

In the 16th century, Michelangelocame to the Pantheon to study its dome before he began work on the dome of St. Peter's (whose dome is 2 feet smaller), and the Pantheon's roof was stripped of bronze for use in Bernini's baldacchino in St. Peter's. In 1563, the bronze doors were restored.

Among the many buildings influenced by the Pantheon's design are the British Museum Reading Room, Thomas Jefferson's Rotunda at the University of Virginia, Low Library at Columbia University and the State Library of Victoria in Melbourne, Australia. The "Historic Centre of Rome," with specific mention of the Pantheon, was designated a World Heritage Site in 1980


Mar 19, 2017

I sopravvissuti del volo 305

🇮🇹  Di solito questo blog tratta di fotografia e di divulgazione delle meraviglie romane, quasi sempre in lingua inglese... ma oggi facciamo un'eccezione che potrebbe essere anche un inizio per parlare di letture. Ho acquistato e già terminato di leggere questo libro della Newton Compton Editori, casa editrice italiana, fondata a Roma nel 1969, che propone interessantissime pubblicazioni a prezzi molto abbordabili. Il libro tratta di un incidente aereo e le vicende dei pochi sopravvissuti in un luogo completamente sconosciuto. Senza aggiungere altro, si può dire che è un buon cocktail di mistero e fantascienza e rimanda alle serie tv di Lost. E' stato tradotto in 20 paesi e sono state vendute oltre un milione di copie e certamente in futuro ne vedremo una trasposizione cinematografica dato che la 20th Century Fox ne ha acquistato i diritti. L'autore è A.G. Riddle, cresciuto in Nord Carolina, da giovane ha fondato la sua prima società con gli amici d’infanzia. Dopo aver lavorato dieci anni in alcune aziende on line, negli ultimi tempi si è dedicato esclusivamente alla sua vera passione: scrivere romanzi. Oltre a I sopravvissuti del volo 305, la Newton Compton ha pubblicato anche Atlantis Saga (Atlantis Genesi, Atlantis Secret e Atlantis Code). Il libro mi è piaciuto e lo suggerisco per chi ama il genere. In futuro su questo blog ci saranno altre recensioni di letture.


Mar 17, 2017

St. Patrick's Day in Rome

Just shooting in Rome subway during Saint Patrick's Day, the cultural and religious celebration that held on 17 March, the traditional death date of Saint Patrick (385 – 461), the foremost patron saint of Ireland


St. Patrick of Ireland is one of the world's most popular saints. He was born in Roman Britain and when he was fourteen or so, he was captured by Irish pirates during a raiding party and taken to Ireland as a slave to herd and tend sheep. At the time, Ireland was a land of Druids and pagans but Patrick turned to God and wrote his memoir, The Confession. In The Confession, he wrote:

"The love of God and his fear grew in me more and more, as did the faith, and my soul was rosed, so that, in a single day, I have said as many as a hundred prayers and in the night, nearly the same. I prayed in the woods and on the mountain, even before dawn. I felt no hurt from the snow or ice or rain."

Patrick's captivity lasted until he was twenty, when he escaped after having a dream from God in which he was told to leave Ireland by going to the coast. There he found some sailors who took him back to Britain and was reunited with his family.

A few years after returning home, Patrick saw a vision he described in his memoir:

"I saw a man coming, as it were from Ireland. His name was Victoricus, and he carried many letters, and he gave me one of them. I read the heading: 'The Voice of the Irish.' As I began the letter, I imagined in that moment that I heard the voice of those very people who were near the wood of Foclut, which is beside the western sea-and they cried out, as with one voice: 'We appeal to you, holy servant boy, to come and walk among us.'"

The vision prompted his studies for the priesthood. He was ordained by St. Germanus, the Bishop of Auxerre, whom he had studied under for years, and was later ordained a bishop and sent to take the Gospel to Ireland.

Patrick arrived in Slane, Ireland on March 25, 433. There are several legends about what happened next, with the most prominent claiming he met the chieftan of one of the druid tribes, who tried to kill him. After an intervention from God, Patrick was able to convert the chieftain and preach the Gospel throughout Ireland. There, he converted many people -eventually thousands - and he began building churches across the country.

He often used shamrocks to explain the Holy Trinity and entire kingdoms were eventually converted to Christianity after hearing Patrick's message.

Patrick preached and converted all of Ireland for 40 years. He worked many miracles and wrote of his love for God in Confessions. After years of living in poverty, traveling and enduring much suffering he died March 17, 461.

He died at Saul, where he had built the first Irish church. He is believed to be buried in Down Cathedral, Downpatrick. His grave was marked in 1990 with a granite stone.

In His Footsteps:

Patrick was a humble, pious, gentle man, whose love and total devotion to and trust in God should be a shining example to each of us. So complete was his trust in God, and of the importance of his mission, he feared nothing -not even death.

"The Breastplate," Patrick's poem of faith and trust in God:

"Christ be within me, Christ behind me, Christ before me, Christ beside me, Christ to win me, Christ to comfort and restore me, Christ beneath me, Christ above me, Christ inquired, Christ in danger, Christ in hearts of all that love me, Christ in mouth of friend and stranger."

(www.catholic.org)

Mar 16, 2017

Piazza Navona

Piazza Navona, spectacular plaza, the crowning glory of Rome's Baroque, is accessible only on foot. Its rectangular form, with rounded corners, echoes its original function; that of the 'stadio Domiziano' Domitian's stadium), upon which the plaza was built

Three fountains dominate the plaza: at the centre lies the ost important, the Fontana dei Quattro fiumi (the Four Rivers Fountain), masterwork of Bernini



Outstanding among the buildings surrounding the plaza, is the Chiesa di S. Agnese in Agone (Saint Agnes in competition church), on the western side, with its concave façade and twin bell towers by Borromini. This plaza hosted centuries of races, tournaments, and festivals; which have survived to this day in the form of the 'Festa della Befana' (the Epiphany witch), accompanied by the sound of deafening trumpets


Mar 15, 2017

The Ides of March

This place is Largo di Torre Argentina, also named Sacred Area, a square that hosts four Republican Roman temples built in the 3rd century BC, and the remains of Pompey's Theatre, built in 55 BC. This area is very famous because of the IDES OF MARCH, a day on the Roman calendar that corresponds to 15 March, became notorious as the date of the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 BC. The death of Caesar made in this day a turning point in Roman history, as one of the events that marked the transition from the historical period known as the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire



Opening out before one of Rome’s most important and oldest theaters, Teatro Argentina, and located in the middle of a rather busy road junction, is an archaeological site which was discovered as recently as 1920. Sunken below street level, it is covered with the remains of temples dating back to the age of the Roman Republican



A colony of cats living amongst these ancient ruins is carefully looked after and protected by an association which feeds them and also organizes free visits to the sacred area


Mar 14, 2017

La Legione Maledetta

🇮🇹  Ogni tanto un buon libro di avventura ci vuole. Ecco La Legione Maledetta, edito dalla Newton Compton Editori, casa editrice romana, fondata nel 1969, un bel romanzo di cappa e di spada che potrebbe piacere, soprattutto a chi ama il genere, ambientato nell'antica Roma. Una minaccia inimmaginabile per l'Urbe sta per arrivare dai confini sperduti dell'impero. Un tribuno inetto, definito il generale della malasorte per via delle sue continue sconfitte. A lui toccherà il compito di indagare e non trovando volontari dovrà scegliere tra la feccia dell'impero i suoi uomini, ex galeotti, schiavi, gladiatori, fino a formare una vera legione, di dannati, definita da tutti la Legione Maledetta. Ma saranno proprio questi improbabili eroi a fermare il misterioso nemico che potrebbe mettere fine alla civiltà romana. Una piacevole lettura del primo libro di una trilogia che vi consiglio


L'autore, Roberto Genovesi, è un giornalista professionista, scrittore, sceneggiatore e autore televisivo. Ha collaborato ai più importanti periodici e quotidiani italiani tra cui «L’Espresso», «Panorama», «TV Sorrisi e Canzoni», «la Repubblica». Considerato tra i maggiori esperti italiani di videogiochi, insegna Teoria e Tecnica dei linguaggi interattivi e cross-mediali in diverse università. Con Sergio Toppi ha realizzato le biografie a fumetti di Federico di Svevia, Carlo Magno, Archimede di Siracusa e Gengis Khan. Ha pubblicato i romanzi Inferi On Net L’angelo di Mauthausen. Con la Newton Compton ha pubblicato La legione occulta dell’impero romanoIl comandante della legione occulta, Il ritorno della Legione occulta. Il re dei Giudei, La mano sinistra di Satana, Il Templare nero e La legione maledetta. Il generale dei dannati. I suoi romanzi sono pubblicati in Spagna da Editorial Bóveda. Vigiles in Tenebris è la pagina Facebook dedicata alla Legio Occulta. Il suo sito internet è: www.robertogenovesi.com 
La pagina Facebook della casa editrice è Newton Compton Editori

Mar 13, 2017

Move on

"Every day is a new day, and you'll never be able to find happiness if you don't move on" - Carrie Underwood


Dedicated to my blog follower from Paris, Mme Laurence

Mar 12, 2017

Via del Babbuino

Via del Babbuino, famous street in Rome, between Piazza di Spagna and Piazza del Popolo, and the typical scenery of a Roman carriage, named also Botticella (small barrel) a very popular attraction in Rome: a horse-drawn carriage very popular in the tourist areas of the Eternal City. You can see them around the city with groups of tourists on board admiring the most suggestive corners of the city center. The word “Botticella” comes from “botte” (barrel): the carriages were used to carry barrels of various items, when fuel-powered means of transport where yet to exist and there was no other way to move heavy stocks. At the beginning of the century they were used as a public transport comparable to our modern taxi. It's a very interesting experience to admire the most important monuments and the biggest beauties of the city...


Mar 11, 2017

Fontana delle Naiadi

In the center of Piazza della Repubblica, broad square laid out in the late 1800s, there is this exuberant Fountain of the Naiads, a real pièce de résistance draped with voluptuous bronze ladies wrestling happily with marine monsters. The nudes weren't there when pope unveiled the fountain in 1870, sparing him any embarrassment. But when the figures were added in 1901, they caused a scandal, for it's said that the sculptor, Mario Rutelli, modeled them on the ample figures of two musical comedy stars of the day

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Mar 7, 2017

Statue of Archangel Raphael

This statue is located in front of the entrance of a modern hospital in Rome, named IFO. It's a very huge example of modern artwork: the archangel Raphael, the biblical traveler angel, patron of all sick, created by the Italian sculptor, Salvatore Fiume (1915 - 1997)

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Mar 6, 2017

Totò

Piazza Cola di Rienzo, Rome. Interesting bust dedicated to the Prince Antonio De Curtis di Bisanzio (15 February 1898 – 15 April 1967), best known by his stage name Totò, and nicknamed il Principe della risata ("the Prince of laughter"). He was an Italian comedian, film and theatre actor, writer, singer and songwriter. While he first gained his popularity as a comic actor, his dramatic roles, poetry, and songs are all deemed to be outstanding;[citation needed] his style and a number of his recurring jokes and gestures have become universally known memes in Italy


Picture taken days ago with smartphone, Huawei P9 Plus


Mar 5, 2017

Basilica Santi XII Apostoli

🇺🇸  Interior of the Church of the Twelve Holy Apostles, a 6th-century Roman Catholic parish and titular church and minor basilica in Rome, Italy, dedicated originally to St. James and St. Philip whose remains are kept here, and later to all Apostles. Today, the basilica is under the care of the Conventual Franciscans, whose headquarters in Rome is in the adjacent building. Built by Pope Pelagius I to celebrate a Narses victory over the Ostrogoths, and dedicated by Pope John III to St. James and Saint Philip the Apostle, the basilica is listed as 'Titulus SS Apostolorum' in the acts of the synod of 499. Santi Apostoli was ruined by the earthquake of 1348, and left abandoned. In 1417, Pope Martin V, whose Colonna family owned the adjacent Palazzo Colonna, restored the church, while the facade was built at the end of the same century by Baccio Pontelli. It was frescoed by Melozzo da Forlì whose wall-paintings at Santi Apostoli were renowned for their innovative techniques of foreshortening and came to be regarded as Melozzo's masterpiece. Pope Clement XI instigated dramatic renovations of the church. Melozzo's frescoes were either destroyed or moved partly to the Quirinal and partly to the Vatican Museums. A new Baroque interior was designed by Carlo Fontana and Francesco Fontana, and was completed in 1714. The church was later restored again, with the facade completed by Giuseppe Valadier in 1827. The inscriptions found in SS. XII Apostoli, a valuable source illustrating the history of the church, have been collected and published by Vincenzo Forcella

🇮🇹  Interno della basilica dei Santi XII Apostoli, un luogo di culto cattolico del centro storico di Roma situato nel rione Trevi nell'omonima Piazza Santi Apostoli. Ha la dignità di basilica minore.n questo luogo, nel secolo IV papa Giulio I fece costruire una chiesa che venne chiamata Basilica Iulia dal nome del fondatore. La basilica viene già citata in testi del secolo V con la qualifica di "titulus apostolorum". In età bizantina, sui resti della chiesa originaria venne ricostruita una nuova basilica con pianta a croce greca, la cui edificazione fu poi proseguita da papa Pelagio I sotto il regno Narsete, nel VI secolo. La basilica conserva le reliquie degli apostoli Filippo e Giacomo il Minore. Quella dei Santi Apostoli è l'unica basilica di Roma che non sia stata edificata su edifici romani preesistenti, anche se furono precocemente utilizzati materiali di spoglio (si pensa provenienti dalle terme di Costantino, e non, come vuole una leggenda, dal vicino Foro di Traiano). Il modello architettonico della chiesa originale era quello a pianta centrale del bizantino Apostoleion di Costantinopoli. Adriano I, in un trattato diretto a Carlo Magno, accenna alla meravigliosa ampiezza di questa chiesa, che dice adorna di mosaici. Nel 1348, fu distrutta da un terremoto.
Si veda l'Armellini:
« Della chiesa medievale rimane fra le cose più notevoli uno dei leoni che sosteneva una colonna, opera di uno dei più celebri maestri marmorari romani del secolo XIII, cioè Vassalletto: sulla base dove è il leone adagiato si legge infatti il suo nome preceduto da croce † Bassallectus; monumento che per mio suggerimento fu posto in luogo d'onore nell'interno del portico attuale della chiesa. »
(Mariano Armellini, Le chiese di Roma dal secolo IV al XIX).
La chiesa venne restaurata solo nel XV secolo per iniziativa di Papa Martino V, che apparteneva alla famiglia Colonna, da secoli insediata nelle vicinanze. Sempre nel XV secolo fu eretto il portico antistante la facciata e l'abside della basilica fu ornata da un affresco raffigurante l'Ascensione, opera di Melozzo da Forlì, i cui frammenti, dopo il rifacimento settecentesco, sono oggi suddivisi tra i Musei Vaticani e il Palazzo del Quirinale. Il lavoro di Melozzo, notevole soprattutto per il magistrale uso della prospettiva da sotto in su, influenzò Michelangelo che ad esso si ispirò per gli affreschi della Cappella Sistina, in particolare per il Cristo del Giudizio Universale. Nel 1702 Clemente XI commissionò il totale rifacimento dell'edificio all'architetto Francesco Fontana, che però morì prematuramente nel 1708. Gli succedette il padre Carlo Fontana, ormai molto anziano, che perciò nel 1712 fu sostituito da Nicola Michetti. La nuova chiesa fu consacrata da papa Benedetto XIII il 17 settembre 1724




Mar 4, 2017

Vatican

The Vatican is the smallest state in the world by both area and population and within it there are religious and cultural sites such as St. Peter's Basilica, the Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Museums




Mar 3, 2017

Dream

"They who dream by day are cognizant of many things which escape those who dream only by night" - Edgar Allan Poe


Mar 2, 2017

Chiesa S. Maria in Aquiro

 🇺🇸  Inside the Church Santa Maria in Aquiro, located in Piazza Capranica, just a few steps from the Pantheon. The church is ancient – it was restored by Pope Gregory III in the 8th century, and thus must have existed before then. One theory is that it was the titulus Equitii, though San Martino ai Monti is a more likely candidate. It is also referred to as Santa Maria della Visitazione, notably by Pope Urban VI in 1389. The origins of the name are nebulous; most attribute it to a corruption of the term a Cyro, perhaps referring in early days to a neighborhood resident. According to another theory Acyro refers to a corruption of the Latin word "circus", a stadium for horse racing, which was located in the vicinity. In 1540 Pope Paul III granted the church to the Confraternity of Orphans, and it was restored in 1588.  The most important work of art in the church is a 14th-century painting, in the apse, of the Madonna and Child with St Stephen, attributed to the school of Pietro Cavallini. This painting and the funeral lapidary monuments in the vestibule are from the medieval church of Santo Stefano del Trullo, destroyed during the pontificate of Pope Alexander VII (1655–1667). There are also paintings from the 17th and 18th centuries. The facade was completed by 1774 by Pietro Camporese the Elder, based on designs of Giovanni Francesco Braccioli. The interior was redecorated by Cesare Mariani in 1866. Two chapels have paintings by followers of Caravaggio: the third chapel at right has a Virgin and Saints (1617) by Carlo Saraceni, while the second chapel on the left has three canvasses – Deposition from the Cross, Crowning with the crown of thorns, and Flagellation of Christ (1635-1640) – attributed to the Frenchman Trophime Bigot. Formerly these paintings were thought to be by the hand of Gerard van Honthorst.

🇮🇹  Interno della Chiesa di Santa Maria in Aquiro, in Piazza Capranica, a pochi passi dal Pantheon. E' una chiesa molto antica infatti risulta che papa Gregorio III (731-741) la fece restaurare, quindi deve essere antecedente alla metà dell'VIII secolo. Secondo alcune teorie sarebbe stata l'antico titulus Equitii, anche se gli studiosi preferiscono attribuirlo a San Martino ai Monti. Nel 1389 papa Urbano VI si riferisce alla chiesa come a Santa Maria della Visitazione. Nel XVI secolo fu affidata alla Confraternita degli orfani, e fu restaurata nel 1590. La facciata fu ultimata nel 1774 da Pietro Camporese. L'opera d'arte più importante è un dipinto della Madonna con bambino e santo Stefano, del XIV secolo


Mar 1, 2017

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